Demos for Physiological Phonetics

This is a collection of demos that I have used for teaching courses in physiological phonetics (a.k.a. articulatory phonetics, experimental phonetics)
The demos are grouped firstly by the main sub-systems larynx, pharynx, velum, tongue, lips/jaw.
The final group is for overall views of articulation and the vocal tract.
Technical note: Many demos consist of a PDF file which in turn contains links to movies etc.
These links only work if the PDF is opened using Acrobat in the browser,
i.e. they will probably not work if the PDF is opened in Acrobat outside the browser,
and also not if the PDF is viewed with a non-Acrobat previewer in the browser.
Accordingly, the bullet-point links below give direct links to the movies etc. without having to use the link in the PDF.
Most of the movies were originally designed to use the QuickTime Player.
Alternative versions of the demos are gradually being made available, based on HTML files with .mp4 movies that can be played directly in the browser. These are referred to below as "Browser Version".
See also: Language demos

Larynx

PDF Larynx anatomy (Sobotta)

Laryngeal forces
PDF Schematic view

Films of excised larynx (.mp4 or QuickTime):
HTML Browser Version

Links to QuickTime versions of the individual clips (alternative to mp4 movies in the HTML version):

  •   MOV abduction and adduction; MOV medial compression; MOV longitudinal tension; MOV arytenoid movement (additional views)
  •   PDF text of movie soundtracks, and movie credits

    PDF The layered structure of the vocal folds

    MOV Video of larynx using rigid endoscope

    PDF Laryngeal movements in running speech: the devoicing gesture (fiberscopic video)
  •   MOV full movie, normal speed; MOV slow motion excerpt

    PDF Animation of vocal fold vibration (and notes on Bernoulli effect)
  •   MOV animation

    PDF High-speed films of vocal fold vibration
    Female speaker, soft onset to phonation:
  •   MOV film 1419, overview; MOV film 1419, detail
    Male speaker, hard onset to phonation:
  •   MOV film 0124, overview; MOV film 0124, detail
    Male speaker, even harder onset to phonation:
  •   MOV film 0125, overview; MOV film 0125, detail
    Female speaker, paralysis of right laryngeal nerve:
  •   MOV film 1404, overview; MOV film 1404, detail

    PDF Why the Bernoulli effect matters in everyday life

    MOV Endoscopic film of larynx of trombone player

    MOV Voiceless words in Berber; fiberscopic film of larynx

    PDF Electromyography of the larynx

    PDF Laryngoscopic view of creaky and breathy voice

    PDF Phonation types: Electroglottographic examples

    PDF Vowel-related differences in larynx height

    Pharynx

    PDF Pharynx anatomy (Sobotta)

    PDF Pharyngeal and epiglottal articulations: Esling’s systematisation
  •   MOV Extensive demonstration of aryepiglottic mechanism by J. Esling (fiberscopic film)

    Short films demonstrating categories listed at end of PDF file

    Glottal plosive:

  •   MOV lowered larynx; MOV normal larynx; MOV raised larynx
    Voiceless glottal fricative:
  •   MOV lowered larynx; MOV normal larynx
    Pharyngeal plosive:
  •   MOV lowered larynx; MOV normal larynx; MOV raised larynx
    Voiceless pharyngeal fricative:
  •   MOV lowered larynx; MOV normal larynx; MOV raised larynx
    Voiceless pharyngeal fricative with aryepiglottic trilling:
  •   MOV lowered larynx; MOV normal larynx
    Voiced pharyngeal fricative/approximant with aryepiglottic trilling:
  •   MOV lowered larynx; MOV normal larynx; MOV raised larynx

    Velum

    PDF Velar movements in speech (endoscopic film)
  •   MOV direct link to movie. See also demo "Xray films of speech movements"

    Tongue

    PDF Lingual anatomy (Sobotta); PDF Lingual anatomy (Takemoto)

    MOV Animations of 3D tongue shape for vowel articulation

    Lips, jaw

    PDF Lip/jaw anatomy (Hardcastle/Sobotta)

    High-speed films of lips
    HTML Browser Version

    PDF Original PDF version of notes, with links to these QuickTime movies (alternative to HTML version):

  •   MOV /apa/ slow motion; MOV /apa/ normal speed
  •   MOV /upu/ slow motion; MOV /upu/ normal speed
  •   MOV /ifi/ slow motion; MOV /ifi/ normal speed

    Overall views of articulation and the vocal tract

    Visible Human: Vocal tract anatomy
    HTML Browser Version

    PDF Notes and links to the following clips (alternative to HTML version)

  •   MOV axial slices; MOV sagittal slices; MOV coronal slices

    MRI views of vowel articulation
    HTML Browser Version

    PDF Notes and links to the following clips (alternative to HTML version)

  •   MOV /i/ sagittal; MOV /u/ sagittal; MOV /a/ sagittal
  •   MOV /i/ coronal; MOV /u/ coronal; MOV /a/ coronal
  •   MOV /i/ axial; MOV /u/ axial; MOV /a/ axial

    PDF Xray films of speech movements
  •   MOV l80_11.mov "Is that biography"
  •   MOV l80_28.mov "Loraine just left"
  •   MOV l77_04.mov "Its ten below outside"
  •   MOV l77_30.mov "He's a lousy singer"
  •   MOV l77_08.mov "They are a nomadic tribe"
  •   MOV l77_12.mov "McCarthy was a madman"
  •   MOV l77_13.mov "He likes Tom Sawyer the best"
  •   MOV l77_14.mov "Tom likes Greco-Roman art"

    PDF Variability in running speech (EMA animations)
  •   MOV AVI isolated /o/ (reference utterance)

    "Der tote Däne hatte sieben junge Töchter":
  •   MOV AVI Complete sentence; MOV AVI Target word 'tote'

    "Wieviele fünne Kissen liegen denn auf dem Sofa?":
  •   MOV AVI Complete sentence; MOV AVI Target word 'Sofa'

    "Der nette Schotte hat eine schwarze Socke verloren":
  •   MOV AVI Complete sentence; MOV AVI Target word 'verloren'

  •   MOV AVI Target word 'flogen' extracted from "Wir flogen tief, und ich hatte Muße genau hinzusehen"
  •   MOV AVI Target word 'sofort' extracted from "Eine liebe Geste von Hans versöhnte Ute sofort."

    PDF Assimilation in running speech: EMA and EPG examples
    "Das Blatt kam von der Eiche":
  •   MOV normal speed, overview; MOV normal speed, detail; MOV fast speed, overview; MOV fast speed, detail

    "Dein Spott kam ueberraschend":
  •   MOV normal speed, overview; MOV normal speed, detail; MOV fast speed, overview; MOV fast speed, detail

    PDF Realtime MRI films of speech movements
    (1) VCV sequences, grouped by consonant (iCi aCa uCu oCo)
  •   AVI /t/; AVI /z/; AVI /l/; AVI /sh/; AVI /k/; AVI /p/;

    (2) VCV sequences, grouped by vowel (VtV VzV VlV VshV VkV VpV)
  •   AVI /a/; AVI /i/; AVI /o/; AVI /u/;

    (3) Words in a phrase ("Lese _ wie _ bitte")
  •   AVI teste wie Thesaurus; AVI Tuete wie huschen; AVI Vase wie Tiegel; AVI Pfütze wie Hufe; AVI schieben wie Tische;
        AVI Püterich wie hüpfen; AVI These wie Testament; AVI Zypern wie Chile; AVI Schübe wie Diele; AVI fühle wie lüften;

    PDF Intraoral airpressure in speech